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  • Allerhed Garcia, Linda
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Orpana, Eve-liina
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Bemötandet av anhöriga i samband med dödsfall: En allmän litteraturöversikt ur ett sjuksköterskeperspektiv2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In nurse´s nursing care and responsibility it includes attending to relatives in the correlation of death. However, previous research shows that there´s a lack in nurses’ treatment and relatives want to be treated with empathy and good communication. The treatment from nurses is crucial for the grieving process of relatives. Aim: To create an overview of nurses’ experiences of dealing with relatives in correlation with death. Method: A general literature review was conducted on a total of eleven articles, of which seven were of qualitative approach, three of a quantitative approach and a mixed method. Results: The analysis of the articles resulted in four different themes, professional education, experiences of the care environment, experience of organizational support and the communication in the treatment. Nurses experienced that lack of time, lack of professional education and care environment affected the treatment of relatives. Communication was also found to be deficient, but was of great importance in the treatment, where nurses found that straight and good communication was helpful. Conclusion: Shortcomings were discovered in nurses' treatment of relatives. Lack of education and conditions contributed to this. With the right conditions and to treat relatives as a unit, the treatment from nurses can be promoted.

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  • Paddon, Karin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Englund, Märta
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    ANHÖRIGAS ERFARENHETER AV PALLIATIV VÅRD: En allmän litteraturöversikt.2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • Nyrén, Alma
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Ukrainska Nyanlända elevers förutsättningar till delaktighet i svenska skolor: Lärares uppfattningar analyserade utifrån en delaktighetmodell2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie var att beskriva lärares uppfattningar om de ukrainska nyanlända elevernas förutsättningar till delaktighet i svenska skolor. För att synliggöra både organisatoriska, psykologiska och pedagogiska aspekter intervjuades sex lärare med erfarenhet av arbete med elever som kommit till Sverige med anledning av kriget i Ukraina. Med en kvalitativt ansats genomfördes semistrukturerade intervjuer och empirin analyserades med hjälp av delaktighetsmodellen. Resultatet visar att lärarna uppfattar att det finns ett flertal utmaningar för att de ukrainska nyanlända eleverna ska bli delaktiga. Det framkommer beskrivningar om otydliga handlingsplaner, otillgänglighet i lärmiljön och ett ointresse från de redan etablerade eleverna. Resultatet visar att lärmiljöerna inte anpassas efter individernas förutsättningar, vilket påverkar deras möjligheter till delaktighet. För att de ukrainska nyanlända eleverna ska ha större möjlighet till delaktighet krävs att skolledningen arbetar proaktivt och utarbetar tydliga handlingsplaner och strategier för mottagandet av den aktuella elevgruppen. Detta är en av slutsatserna som kan dras. En annan slutsats som kan dras är att det behövs mer resurser och ett förändrat förhållningssätt gentemot de ukrainska nyanlända eleverna. Genom att belysa lärarnas uppfattningar om de ukrainska nyanlända elevernas förutsättningar för delaktighet kan brister i lärmiljön synliggöras. Detta kan hjälpa skolor att förändra och anpassa skolmiljön för att skapa bättre förutsättningar till delaktighet.

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  • Yigit, Yasemin
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    "The best thing about BookTok is that you get inspiration": A study on Swedish students' reading habits and what influences them to read2024Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to understand upper-secondary school students’ reading habits and what influences them, with a focus on the possible effect of BookTok, a subcommunity on the social media platform TikTok. Data was based on questionnaires collected from students and interviews with a teacher and a librarian, which were analyzed using a thematic analysis. Findings have revealed that the majority of the participating students do not read for pleasure, though many do. The students who read for pleasure are influenced by social media when choosing books to read, including BookTok. Teachers and librarians also influence students’ reading habits. The interviewed teacher had not noticed any increase in reading but rather a negative attitude towards reading. However, the interviewed librarian noticed a slight increase in reading, as well as BookTok’s impact. Students who use BookTok report that this platform affects their reading habits and has increased the number of books they read, both in Swedish and in English. They also report that reading develops their language skills.

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  • Nordström, Linda
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Fanny, ÁSGEIRSDÓTTIR
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Anhörigas upplevelser av stöd i Palliativ vård: En systematisk litteraturstudie2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Relatives participation in palliative care provides patients with crucial support. The situation surrounding the dying patient (may) affect relatives. This contributes to challenges relatives face during care. Support is needed to accommodate for these experiences. Nurses can provide relatives with knowledge and support to manage these experiences. Aim: The aim was to describe the relatives’ experiences of support in palliative care. Method: A systematic literature study with a qualitative approach according to Evan’s descriptive synthesis. Results: After the analysis, two themes and five subthemes emerged. Theme 1) Experience of understanding includes: The importance of emotional support, The importance of individualized support and The importance of relief showed how relatives experienced the support they received and how well they felt understood. Theme 2) Experience of participation includes: The importance of inclusion and The importance of communication showed relatives' experiences of participation to maintain positive experiences of care. Conclusion: Relatives felt that a strong care relationship was important to increase participation in care. Relatives experienced peace and security in the palliative care with good emotional and practical support from the nurses. However, without a strong caring relationship, relatives felt that they were in the way, which led to uncertainty about their own abilities. Keywords: Experience, Palliative care, Relatives, Support, Systematic literature study.

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  • Petersson Troije, Charlotte
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare. Department of Sociology, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Mälardalen University, 72123 Västerås, Sweden;Department of Urban Studies, Faculty of Culture and Society, Malmö University, 20506 Malmö, Sweden.
    Lisberg Jensen, Ebba
    Department of Pedagogical, Curricular and Professional Studies, University of Gothenburg, 40530 Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Redmalm, David
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Wiklund, Lena
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare. Department of Health and Care Sciences, UiT/The Arctic University of Norway, 8514 Narvik, Norway.
    Unlocking the Transformative Potential of Outdoor Office Work: A Constructivist Grounded Theory Study2024In: Challenges, E-ISSN 2078-1547, Vol. 15, no 2, p. 25-25Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    White-collar workers around the world are reconfiguring their ways of working. Some have found their way out, performing office work outdoors, through walk-and-talks, outdoor meetings, or reading sessions. Working outdoors has proved both invigorating and challenging. This qualitative interview study aims to develop a conceptual framework concerning the implications of white-collar workers incorporating the outdoors into their everyday work life. Applying a constructivist grounded theory approach, 27 interviews with a total of 15 participants were systematically analyzed. Findings evolved around the following categories: practicing outdoor office work, challenging the taken-for-granted, enjoying freedom and disconnection, feeling connected and interdependent, promoting health and well-being, enhancing performance, and finally adding a dimension to work. These categories were worked into a conceptual model, building on the dynamic relationship between the practice of working outdoors on one hand, and how this challenges the system in which office work traditionally takes place on the other. Interviews reflected the profound learning process of the employees. Drawing on the concepts of free space and resonance, we demonstrate how performing office work outdoors may unlock a transformative potential by opening up connectedness and interdependence and contribute to a sustainable work life as well as overall sustainable development.

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  • Rapp, Ida
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Ouvanguiga, Duglaine
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    En strävan efter att bygga en gemensam bro: Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av patienters delaktighet under psykiatrisk tvångsvård2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Tvångsvård är ett omdiskuterat ämne som innebär utmaningar när det kommer till patienters delaktighet i sin vård. Tidigare studier visar att patienter som vårdas under tvång sällan känner sig delaktiga i sin vård på grund av bristande kommunikation och små möjligheter till inflytande. Sjuksköterskan har ett ansvar att se till att patientens perspektiv beaktas och tas till vara i psykiatrisk hälso- och sjukvård. Syfte: Att beskriva sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av patienters delaktighet under psykiatrisk tvångsvård inom heldygnsvården. Metod: En kvalitativ design med induktiv ansats användes i studien. Datainsamlingen har skett genom nio semistrukturerade intervjuer som utfördes med både grundutbildade sjuksköterskor och specialistsjuksköterskor inom psykiatrisk heldygnsvård. Resultat: Studiens resultat redovisas med hjälp av ett tema, fem kategorier samt tolv subkategorier. De kategorier som framkom var: att få patienten att ta emot den vård som ges, att inte nå fram, att sträva efter att mötas, att använda sig själv i vårdandet och att utgå från patientens perspektiv. Slutsats: Sjuksköterskor strävar efter att inkludera patienter i beslutsfattandet och skapa förutsättningar för delaktighet under psykiatrisk tvångsvård. För att förbättra delaktigheten behöver sjuksköterskor inkludera patienten i beslutsfattandet, erbjuda tydlig information och skapa möjligheter för patienten att uttrycka sina åsikter och önskemål. 

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  • Anberlin, Tobias
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Patienters upplevelse av oro inför generell anestesi: Med omvårdnadsåtgärder som lindrar2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • Stenberg, Elinn
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Effekter av fysisk träning för barn i samband med onkologisk behandling: En systematisk litteraturöversikt2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    ABSTRACT

    Background: The prevalence of children with cancer is barely 10 000 in Sweden and 85% are cured. The disease itself, as well as the treatment affects children physically, mentally, and even socially. Organ systems are negatively affected, and fatigue is a common side effect.

    Objective: The aim was to investigate results of the latest research on the biopsychosocial effects of physical training for children undergoing oncological treatment, or children who recently have received treatment.

    Method: For this systematic review, four randomized controlled trials were selected through literature searches in the databases PEDro and PubMed. Essential data from the studies were extracted and relevance and quality of each trial were assessed. Finally, the overall preliminary evidence was evaluated.

    Results: The interventions included physical exercise with elements of aerobic exercises, strength training, stretching and psychological tasks. The intervention duration varied between eight weeks and six months, and the number of participants ranged from 68 to 222. A significant improvement was demonstrated regarding fatigue and muscle strength in the lower extremity. The preliminary evidence was considered low.

    Conclusions: The effects of physical exercise in this review reinforce the importance of exercise for the population. The administration of physical exercise should be considered, as interactions with other children as well as trainers seemingly have a considerable beneficial impact. Thus, this indicates that physical activity is beneficial for this population and that implementation of a biopsychosocial perspective is favorable in this setting.

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  • Oksanen, Elice
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Rosén, Rebecka
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    VÄRDIGHET FÖR ÄLDRE PATIENTER PÅ SÄRSKILT BOENDE: En litteraturöversikt ur ett patientperspektiv2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • Berglind, Lina
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Hallsten, Sofia
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Att återerövra fysisk hälsa i en ny miljö: Patienters erfarenheter av att upprätthålla fysisk hälsa inom rättspsykiatrisk slutenvård2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Forensic psychiatric care means restricted freedom during a long period of care. The restriction leads among other things to a loss of independent decision-making in relation to physical health in terms of time outdoors, diet and exercise. Previous research highlights how deteriorating physical health seems to go hand in hand with mental illness. In addition, nurses experience health promoting and disease prevention work within forensic psychiatric inpatient care as a challenge. Aim: To describe patients' experiences of maintaining physical health in forensic psychiatric inpatient care. Method: The study has a qualitative design with an inductive approach. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with ten patients from two forensic psychiatric clinics in central Sweden. Data was analyzed using qualitative content analysis. Results: The patients' experiences are illuminated through four categories: to feel restricted, to be able to adapt to a new situation, to utilize healthcare resources and to have access to support which were further clarified by six subcategories. This led to the overarching theme of reclaiming physical health through support and adaptation in a new environment. Conclusions: The person-centered approach needs to be given even greater space within forensic psychiatric inpatient care. Consequently, nurses need to take advantage of patients' experiences to a greater extent in order to, along with the patient, find the way forward in the maintenance of physical health during the period of care.

    Keywords: Forensic psychiatric inpatient care, patients' experiences, physical health, qualitative content analysis, semi-structured interviews, Tidal model

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  • Johansson, Jonas
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Örtegren, Hanna
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Att vårda i gemenskap: Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av närståendes involvering i vården av patienter med psykosdiagnos inom psykiatrisk öppenvård2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Tidigare forskning har visat att närstående till patienter med psykosdiagnos inte involveras i den utsträckning de önskar. Närståendes involvering i vården har visat sig leda till ökad följsamhet vid behandling, färre psykotiska skov samt minskade slutenvårdsinläggningar. Närstående löper ökad risk för att utveckla stressrelaterade symtom, psykisk ohälsa samt drabbas av ekonomiska svårigheter. Syfte: Att beskriva sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av närståendes involvering i vården av patienter med psykosdiagnos inom psykiatrisk öppenvård. Metod: Studien har en kvalitativ design med induktiv ansats. Tio deltagare intervjuades med semistrukturerade intervjuer. Nio av de tio deltagarna var specialistsjuksköterskor med inriktning mot psykiatrisk omvårdnad och en var allmänsjuksköterska. Data analyserades utifrån kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Resultat: Resultatet beskrivs utifrån fyra kategorier; Att uppleva närstående som en tillgång, Att ge plats för närståendes behov, Att uppleva den närstående som en belastning och Att hantera sekretessens utmaningar. Ur kategorierna framträder sedan subkategorier som sedan sammantaget utkristalliseras till ett tema, Att vilja samarbeta och fortsätta försöka. Slutsats: Genom att involvera närstående i vården av personer med psykosdiagnos kan tryggheten för patienten i dennes vardag potentiellt stärkas. Utifrån olika utmaningar kan dock involvering bli problematiskt för sjuksköterskan att hantera i det vardagliga vårdarbetet.

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  • Lövgren Suvanto, Anna
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Hjortsberg, Cornelia
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Förstföderskors erfarenheter av amningsstöd på bb och vid hemkomst: En kvalitativ intervjustudie2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Breastfeeding support can be crucial for a successful breastfeeding experience, midwives play an important role in providing advice and guidance. First-time mothers request individually tailored breastfeeding support, encouragement and preparatory information about breastfeeding before delivery. Partners are highlighted as an important part of breastfeeding support. To successfully promote breastfeeding, it is important to understand breastfeeding physiology and manage breastfeeding difficulties. Breastfeeding has positive health effects for both mother and child. It is a complex process that requires support, guidance and understanding to create a positive and successful breastfeeding experience. Purpose: to describe first-time mothers' experiences of breastfeeding support at BB and upon returning home. Method: Qualitative interview study with deductive approach. Data was collected through ten semi-structured interviews. Results: Three categories and seven subcategories were created. Practical support with hands-on help and preparation for breastfeeding was desired. Emotional support such as being seen and confirmed was described by the mothers as important for a successful breastfeeding period. Coming home was filled with emotions and the support of partners was considered important. Conclusions: The mothers requested more practical and individually tailored support and more active care staff. Lack of preparatory information can lead to uncertainty and disappointment. Partners play an important role in the breastfeeding process but need more knowledge to be able to support effectively. By offering individualized support, breastfeeding care can be improved.

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  • Golozar Basiri, Jasmine
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Kadir Dincer, Ahmet
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    ERFARENHETER AV ATT VÅRDA PERSONCENTRERAT: En allmän litteraturöversikt utifrån ett sjuksköterskeperspektiv2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Person-centered care means seeing the patient as a whole person. This means that the nurses should consider the spiritual and social needs of the patients and their relatives, thus creating a holistic view. Patients appreciate respectful treatment and communication from nurses. Aim: The aim in this study was to create an overview of nurses’ experiences of person-centered care. Method: A general literature review with both qualitative and quantitative articles. Results: The analysis of eleven articles resulted in four themes: The care relationship, Family and relatives in caregiving, Communication in caregiving and Time in caregiving. Conclusion: It emerged that nurses had both positive and negative experience of person-centered care. The negative experiences for nurses were that the time in the caregiving was not enough to be able to provide person-centered. There could also be communication barriers in the case of language or speech difficulties. The positive experiences that nurses experienced were that creating relationships in care contributed to being able to provide person-centered care. Including family and relatives contributed to creating a stronger relationship with the patient and increased cooperation with family and relative to increase the patient’s well-being. Communication was an important factor and contributed to increased person-centered care.

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  • Josefsson, Clara
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Hassin, Noon
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Anhörigas erfarenheter av palliativ vård i livets slutskede: Allmän litteraturöversikt2024Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Palliativ vård i livets slutskede är vården som ges under patienters sista tid i livet och syftar till att lindra lidande och främja livskvalité. Tidigare forskning visar att sjuksköterskor upplever tidsbrist och otillräcklig kunskap för att möta patienter och anhöriga i vården i livets slutskede. Sjuksköterskor beskriver att tidsbrist och kunskapsbrist påverkar omvårdnaden i livets slutskede. Sjuksköterskor anser att anhöriga är en viktig del för högkvalitativ vård men upplever att omständigheter påverkar omvårdnaden av palliativ vård i livets slutskede. Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva anhörigas erfarenheter av palliativ vård i livets slutskede. Metod: En allmän litteraturöversikt enligt Friberg. Åtta kvalitativa artiklar, två kvantitativa artiklar en artikel med mixad metod har analyserats. Resultat: Anhöriga upplevde att kommunikation och stöd bidrog till att vårdrelationer skapades med vårdpersonal. Anhöriga beskrev att delaktighet var betydelsefullt för att tillgodose närståendes behov. Smärtlindring för närstående var ett grundläggande behov enligt anhöriga. Slutsats: Det kan finnas en kunskapslucka hos sjuksköterskor och den grundläggande utbildningen bör innehåll mer kunskap om kommunikation, stöd, delaktighet och smärtlindring. Detta för att tillgodose anhörigas och närståendes behov i palliativ vård i livets slutskede

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  • Jälmestål Larsson, Matilda
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Berglund Tikka, Sandra
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Att vårda närstående med demenssjukdom i hemmet: En allmän litteraturöversikt från anhörigperspektiv2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: I dagens samhälle lever många människor med demenssjukdom och varje år insjuknar cirka 25 000 personer. Demenssjukdom är ett samlingsnamn för kognitiv svikt, där alla processer i hjärnan som rör upplevelser och tänkande påverkas. Att insjukna i demenssjukdom förändrar dramatiskt personers livssituation, därför kan hemmet vara en viktig plats som inger förtrogenhet för personer med demenssjukdom. När närstående med demenssjukdom bor kvar i hemmet faller ofta rollen som vårdare på anhöriga. Vårdpersonal uppmärksammar att anhörigvårdare behöver stöttas då närstående och anhörigvårdare är sammankopplade. Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva erfarenheter hos anhörigvårdare till närstående med demenssjukdom i hemmet. Metod: En allmän litteraturöversikt med artiklar av både kvalitativ och kvantitativ ansats. Resultat: Ur analysen framkom fyra teman: Att ta över ansvaret för en annan människa, Att göra personliga uppoffringar, Att hantera förändringar hos närstående och Att ha ett behov av stöd. Slutsats: Stödet anhörigvårdare erhöll var otillräckligt för att bibehålla och främja hälsa. Genom att erbjuda tillräckligt stöd kan anhörigvårdare avlastas och hälsa främjas. Detta stöd kan på så sätt förbättra livskvaliteten för närstående då anhörigvårdares hälsa påverkar förmågan att tillhandahålla adekvat vård.

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  • Sanfridsson, Daniel
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Sousan Teimouri, Alaa
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    OMVÅRDNADSÅTGÄRDER FÖR ATT LINDRA PATIENTERS ORO PERIOPERATIVT: En integrativ litteraturöversikt2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The majority of patients experience anxiety associated with surgery. Anxiety depends on various underlying factors and is usually easier to identify than to relieve, as all patients are different and have individual needs. The responsibility of anaesthesia nurses includes to identify and alleviate anxiety in patients, as it can cause psychological distress. Therefore, it is essential that anaesteshia nurses have knowledge of various nursing interventions that exist to alleviate anxiety in patients. Purpose: To map nursing interventions that are used to alleviate patients’ experience of anxiety perioperatively. Method: Integrative literature review with 22 scientific articles that were analysed. Result: The results were described in two themes, the importance of communication and alternative treatment methods, which were described in a total of four subthemes, interacting with patients, collaborating with the team, using cognitive- and physical treatment alternatives. Conclusion: The thesis maps and increases knowledge about which nursing measures are used to alleviate patients' anxiety in connection with surgery.  

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  • Södervall, Thea
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Vauhkala, Pia
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Att döden får en mening: En kvalitativ intervjustudie om intensivvårdssjuksköterskornas upplevelser av att vårda i donationsprocessen.2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: When life-saving interventions are not compatible with a meaningful and dignified life for a patient in the intensive care unit, decisions are made to withdraw life-sustaining treatment, allowing for the possibility of organ donation. There are clear laws and guidelines for the process of donation. Previous research highlights the complex work of intensive care nurses, involving the care of both potential organ donors and relatives. Aim: The aim was to describe intensive care nurses' experiences of nursing care during the process of organ donation. Method: A qualitative interview study with 12 intensive care nurses. Content analysis was conducted. Results: The analysis resulted in three categories: The complex nursing care, The meaningful nursing care and Meeting the relatives in the donation process and eight subcategories emerged. Conclusion: Intensive care nurses experienced nursing care in the donation process as meaningful and as an opportunity to contribute to another person's continued life. However, nursing care was also perceived as challenging and time-consuming, both in relation to the donor and relatives. Nurses described facilitating factors such as knowledge and education about the donation process, as well as the importance of the team. A significant part of nursing care involved supporting and informing relatives.

    Key words: Intensive care nurses, interview study, nursing care, organ donation.

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  • Chamoun, Gabriel
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Grudd, Cornelia
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Att Vårda Patienter I Livets Slutskede: En Allmän Litteraturöversikt Utifrån Ett Sjuksköterskeperspektiv2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: En god vård i livets slutskede innebär att tillgodose patienter med de resurser som behövs för ett gott slut genom att lindra lidandet. Tidigare forskning visar att patienter och anhöriga erfar sjuksköterskor stressade och emotionellt frånvarande. Patienter och anhöriga uttryckte behovet av tydlig kommunikation, delaktighet i vården och emotionellt stöd. Syfte: Att beskriva sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att vårda patienter i livets slutskede Metod: Allmän litteraturöversikt enligt Friberg med 12 artiklar, 9 kvalitativa och 3 kvantitativa. Resultat: Fyra teman identifierades betydelsen av kommunikation, betydelsen av att skapa en relation, att hantera emotionella utmaningar, behovet av kompetensutveckling. Dessa teman beskrev hur sjuksköterskor var viktiga för en god vård i livets slutskede. Slutsats: Sjuksköterskor erfor att ha en öppen kommunikation och möjligheten till relationskapande samt behovet av kompetensutveckling är viktiga aspekter för säkerställandet av en god vård i livets slutskede.  

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  • Olsson Henchiri, Ella
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Samuelsson, Lisa
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Appreciative Inquiry:: “Lyft dig själv och lyft andra, det är vägen till framgång”2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract [en]In a world of constant change, the job market will inevitably have to change at the same pace. This places great demands on organizations to be flexible and adapt to the prevailing work climate as well as to new generations' demands on employers. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the work method Appreciative inquiry could facilitate the adaptations and change work that will take place more and more frequently. The study presents the results of 10 semi-structured interviews from a medium-sized organization in the construction industry. The interviews are themed and centered down to two themes: flat organization and leadership. The results of studies showed that the participants experienced the organization as positive with a open minded atmosphere and exchange between both employees and managers. Based on previous research, the results could be discussed. It appeared that some of the respondents already felt that the method was used in the workplace, while some pointed out the advantages of the adaptation to remain attractive in the labor market.

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  • Engberg, Beatrice
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Borrman, Hanna
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Vi ger varandra verktyg genom medarbetarsamtalet: En fenomenografisk studie angående chefers uppfattningar om medarbetarsamtal och knowledge management2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    För att kunna bibehålla och utveckla kunskapen inom ett företag krävs det tydliga strategier för kunskapshantering och samarbete mellan chefer och anställda för att företagen ska ha en möjlighet att nå framgång. Studiens syfte var att undersöka chefers uppfattningar gällande medarbetarsamtalets syfte, funktion och innehåll i relation till knowledge management. Metoden som användes var en fenomenografisk analysmetod i sju steg. Resultaten visade att uppfattningarna angående syfte, funktion och innehållet av medarbetarsamtalet skiljer sig beroende på vilken yrkeskategori personerna tillhör. Resultatet skiljer sig i en del av utsagorna angående uppfattningarna om medarbetarsamtalet då en del utsagor beskriver att det är ett tillfälle att mäta arbetsprestation. En annan del av utsagorna uppfattar medarbetarsamtalet som en möjlighet till individuellt samtal. Majoriteten av utsagorna uppfattar att funktionen med medarbetarsamtalet är att de anställda ska få en chans att ventilera angående hälsa, mål och utveckling i ett samtal med sin chef. Det finns uppfattningar om att medarbetarsamtalet är mer än ett individuellt samtal mellan chef och anställd då de även är ett sätt att ha koll på arbetsprestation. De flesta utsagorna beskriver att innehållet från ett medarbetarsamtal kan bidra till att skapa ett stöd till de anställda för att tillgodose utvecklingsmöjligheter och en trivsam arbetsmiljö. Det fanns få uppfattningar om vad knowledge management innebar vilket bidrog till ett mer begränsat svar. Relevansen för studien är att den uppmärksammar ett fenomen som är aktuellt på dagens arbetsmarknad och att medarbetarsamtalet kan användas i flera avseenden än att mäta prestation.

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  • Kudic, Arnela
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Skolans synsätt och organisering av ämnet svenska som andraspråk: En studie om synsätt, organisation och likvärdighet av ämnet2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att få en inblick i hur ämnet svenska som andraspråk (SvA) i grundskolans år 7-9 organiseras inom olika skolverksamheter. Genom kvalitativa intervjuer med fyra informanter (lärare) undersöks synsätt, organisation och likvärdighet av ämnet svenska som andraspråk på två kommunala och två friskolor i en mellanstor kommun i Sverige. Resultaten visar ett ojämnt resultat av insatser, synsätt och kunskap i respektive skolor. I enlighet med tidigare studier samt resultat från de kvalitativa intervjuerna påvisas vikten av utökad kompetensutveckling och högre krav på skolorganisationerna för att arbeta mer likvärdigt med ämnet. Slutsatsen för denna studie påpekar vikten att skapa en tydligare syn kring ämnets roll och status, samt behovet av att tillhandahålla lärarna med tillräckliga resurser och stöd för att förbättra undervisningen för andraspråkseleverna. Det betonas också att skolverksamhetens attityd och engagemang är avgörande för att skapa förutsättningar för en effektiv undervisning i svenska som andraspråk.

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    Skolans synsätt och organisering av ämnet svenska som andraspråk
  • Ghaiad, Ansam
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Automatisering/digitalisering av kvalitetskontroller2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Automation of processes is taking place more and more in the manufacturing industry today. Automation today is used by companies to be more productive/efficient to be competitive. Automating a process not only increases the chance of reduced waste, but it also increases productivity, precise measurements, shorter lead times and increased cost efficiency, and that the company maintains its place in the market. Therefore, it is important for small to medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) to be able to automate the processes, especially since SMEs make up the largest part of the market.

    Quality control is one of the most important parts of the complex production process. This is because the quality controls ensure the quality of the products for both the company and the customers. If the quality controls are automated, this can lead to an increase in the quality of the products and to them becoming more efficient.

     The purpose: The basis of this thesis is to be able to increase the productivity/efficiency and safety of the quality controls, i.e. more specific and accurate measurements that increase the credibility of the quality of the products, through automation/digitalization. This is to reduce human assistance, increase the efficiency of the process and be more cost-effective as the workers can focus on other tasks than the quality controls.

    The research questions in this study are:

    • What is needed to redesign and streamline the quality control processes?
    • What are the important technologies and process changes needed to automate the quality controls?
    • How can the quality controls be made more efficient with the help of automation?

     Method: This study is based on a qualitative & quantitative research approach which is based on a case study at the company Senior Material. Through interviews, observations, participant observations and notes, the empirical data was collected. All data was analyzed to help the study find relevant solutions. Theories were collected through various search tools through a literature study. The literature that was relevant and could advance the study was used, this through data analysis of the literature and elimination of irrelevant literature. An analysis of the market also took place to find relevant solutions.

     Conclusions: The study's conclusion presents which steps are important to take to be able to redesign and streamline the quality control processes in the companies. These steps are to first understand the problem, understand what requirements the company has, be very involved in the case, set limitations and goals, find solutions that meet all requirements and finally analyze whether the solutions meet all requirements and are effective. A very important part of automation is to understand why it should be done, this especially for SMEs as they do not have as many resources as large companies. Another important point to consider is not to have too high a level of automation as this can have several consequences.

    One of the most important technologies to consider in automation is the digitization of data. This is to be able to detect deviations or problems early and be able to remedy them. Digitization is a large part of the solution, therefore it is important for companies to first check whether the problem lies in a lack of automation or digitization

    The solutions found were to automate the controls for the particle, humidity and temperature measurement and digitize the rest of the controls. With the help of these solutions, Senior saves more than 123 working days of unnecessary work while streamlining quality controls.

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  • Hansson, Sofie
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Tholander, Sofie
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Kommunikationen i teamet vid induktion: En kvantitativ enkätstudie utifrån anestesisjuksköterskors erfarenheter2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Det anestesiologiska omvårdnadsansvaret kräver särskild kompetens och erfarenhet. Vid anestesiologisk vård såsom induktionen krävs nära samarbete. Kommunikationen i teamet har visat sig avgörande för teamsamarbetet. Faktorer som kan påverka kommunikationen är hierarki, stress, relationen till kollegor eller tron på den egna förmågan.

    Syfte: Att kartlägga anestesisjuksköterskors erfarenheter av kommunikationen i teamet vid induktion.

    Metod: Enkätstudie med kvantitativ ansats. Enkäten bestod av 35 frågor varav de första fem kartlade demografiska data. Resterande frågor bestod av påståenden vilka besvarades med likertskala. Data analyserades i Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS). Deskriptiv statistik gav en överblick av datainsamlingen och analytisk statistik användes för jämförelse av grupper.  

    Resultat: 53 anestesisjuksköterskor besvarade enkäten. Majoriteten ansåg att kommunikationen har stor betydelse för patientsäkerheten. Samtliga uppgav att de i varierande grad vågar ifrågasätta oklarheter vid induktion. Det fanns positiva erfarenheter av att kommunikationsverktyg främjar kommunikationen.

    Slutsats: För en säker vård vid induktion krävs en fungerande teamkommunikation. Kommunikationen påverkas av personliga egenskaper, arbetserfarenheter, stress eller hur olika kommunikationsverktyg används. Främjande faktorer för kommunikationen är utbildning och relationsbyggnad inom teamet. Arbetserfarenhet och ålder kan påverka hur kommunikationen i teamet vid induktion uppfattas.

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  • Qian, Kun
    et al.
    Department of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Centre for Industrial Electronics (CIE), University of Southern Denmark, Sønderborg, Denmark.
    Fachrizal, Reza
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering, Future Energy Center.
    Munkhammar, Joakim
    Department of Civil and Industrial Engineering, Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Ebel, Thomas
    Department of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Centre for Industrial Electronics (CIE), University of Southern Denmark, Sønderborg, Denmark.
    Adam, Rebecca
    Department of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Centre for Industrial Electronics (CIE), University of Southern Denmark, Sønderborg, Denmark.
    Large-scale EV charging scheduling considering on-site PV generation by combining an aggregated model and sorting-based methods2024In: Sustainable cities and society, ISSN 2210-6707, Vol. 107, article id 105453Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Large-scale electric vehicle (EV) charging scheduling is highly relevant for the growing number of EVs, while it can be complex to solve. A few existing studies have applied a two-stage scheduling approach to reduce computation time. The first stage approximates the optimal overall load, and the second prioritizes the charging. This work also attempts to apply such an approach for large-scale EV charging considering on-site photovoltaic (PV) generation at a workplace. However, validation and analysis are missing to address whether and why the two-stage approach is suitable. Besides, the existing studies lack exploring different methods to prioritize charging. This work investigates the two-stage approach. Simulation results show the non-uniqueness of the optimal solution from the optimal individual model, and guided by the optimal overall load, sorting-based methods can often lead to an optimal solution, while non-optimal solutions only cause decreases in the load-matching performance with a median value of less than 1%. The aggregated model usually cannot achieve the optimal overall load due to model simplifications. However, further applying sorting-based methods will reduce the differences between the final and the optimal overall load. Thus, the two-stage approach is suitable for this study, and further simulations show that it can achieve almost the optimal annual performance with around 1/57 of the computation time. Furthermore, this study explores different methods to prioritize charging. Simulation results show no difference in performance, while the Least Laxity First method leads to around 54.6% more switching.

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  • Public defence: 2024-06-07 09:15 C3-003, Eskilstuna
    Andersson, Tim
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems. ASSA ABLOY.
    Automated Tactile Sensing for Quality Control of Locks Using Machine Learning2024Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis delves into the use of Artificial Intelligence (AI) for quality control in manufacturing systems, with a particular focus on anomaly detection through the analysis of torque measurements in rotating mechanical systems. The research specifically examines the effectiveness of torque measurements in quality control of locks, challenging the traditional method that relies on human tactile sense for detecting mechanical anomalies. This conventional approach, while widely used, has been found to yield inconsistent results and poses physical strain on operators. A key aspect of this study involves conducting experiments on locks using torque measurements to identify mechanical anomalies. This method represents a shift from the subjective and physically demanding practice of manually testing each lock. The research aims to demonstrate that an automated, AI-driven approach can offer more consistent and reliable results, thereby improving overall product quality. The development of a machine learning model for this purpose starts with the collection of training data, a process that can be costly and disruptive to normal workflow. Therefore, this thesis also investigates strategies for predicting and minimizing the sample size used for training. Additionally, it addresses the critical need of trustworthiness in AI systems used for final quality control. The research explores how to utilize machine learning models that are not only effective in detecting anomalies but also offers a level of interpretability, avoiding the pitfalls of black box AI models. Overall, this thesis contributes to advancing automated quality control by exploring the state-of-the-art machine learning algorithms for mechanical fault detection, focusing on sample size prediction and minimization and also model interpretability. To the best of the author’s knowledge, it is the first study that evaluates an AI-driven solution for quality control of mechanical locks, marking an innovation in the field.

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  • Andersson, Tim
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems. ASSA ABLOY.
    Bohlin, Markus
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Ahlskog, Mats
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Olsson, Tomas
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems. RISE RESEARCH INSTITUTES OF SWEDEN, Sweden.
    Interpretable ML model for quality control of locks using counterfactual explanations2024Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents an interpretable machinelearning model for anomaly detection in door locks using torque data. The model aims to replace the human tactile sense in the quality control process, reducing repetitive tasks and improving reliability. The model achieved an accuracy of 96%, however, to gain social acceptance and operators' trust, interpretability of the model is crucial. The purpose of this study was to evaluate anapproach that can improve interpretability of anomalousclassifications obtained from an anomaly detection model. Weevaluate four instance-based counterfactual explanators, three of which, employ optimization techniques and one uses, a less complex, weighted nearest neighbor approach, which serve as ourbaseline. The former approaches, leverage a latent representation of the data, using a weighted principal component analysis, improving plausibility of the counter factual explanations andreduces computational cost. The explanations are presentedtogether with the 5-50-95th percentile range of the training data, acting as a frame of reference to improve interpretability. All approaches successfully presented valid and plausible counterfactual explanations. However, instance-based approachesemploying optimization techniques yielded explanations withgreater similarity to the observations and was therefore concluded to be preferable despite the higher execution times (4-16s) compared to the baseline approach (0.1s). The findings of this study hold significant value for the lock industry and can potentially be extended to other industrial settings using timeseries data, serving as a valuable point of departure for further research.

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  • Andersson, Tim
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems. ASSA ABLOY.
    Bohlin, Markus
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Ahlskog, Mats
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Olsson, Tomas
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems.
    Interpretable ML model for quality control of locks using counterfactual explanations2024Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents an interpretable machinelearning model for anomaly detection in door locks using torque data. The model aims to replace the human tactile sense in the quality control process, reducing repetitive tasks and improving reliability. The model achieved an accuracy of 96%, however, to gain social acceptance and operators' trust, interpretability of the model is crucial. The purpose of this study was to evaluate anapproach that can improve interpretability of anomalousclassifications obtained from an anomaly detection model. Weevaluate four instance-based counterfactual explanators, three of which, employ optimization techniques and one uses, a less complex, weighted nearest neighbor approach, which serve as ourbaseline. The former approaches, leverage a latent representation of the data, using a weighted principal component analysis, improving plausibility of the counter factual explanations andreduces computational cost. The explanations are presentedtogether with the 5-50-95th percentile range of the training data, acting as a frame of reference to improve interpretability. All approaches successfully presented valid and plausible counterfactual explanations. However, instance-based approachesemploying optimization techniques yielded explanations withgreater similarity to the observations and was therefore concluded to be preferable despite the higher execution times (4-16s) compared to the baseline approach (0.1s). The findings of this study hold significant value for the lock industry and can potentially be extended to other industrial settings using timeseries data, serving as a valuable point of departure for further research.

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  • Westerberg, Ebba
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Öberg, Lise
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Att vårda personer med demenssjukdom: En allmän litteraturöversikt ur vårdpersonalens perspektiv2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • Belt Gustafsson, Linda
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Tillberg Wahlund, Annika
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    "JAG HAR BETT OM STÖD HELA TIDEN...": En kvalitativ webbaserad enkätundersökning om mammors erfarenheter av individanpassat amningsstöd2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Breastfeeding is a physiological process that can be more difficult than expected and become complicated if support is not provided. WHO recommends exclusive breastfeeding for six months to promote child health. Midwives have a major public health responsibility to support and strengthen breastfeeding. Information and support should be provided early, based on individual needs and available if barriers arise. Women-centeredness promotes breastfeeding duration and is estimated to have a positive impact on public health. Aim: To describe mothers' experiences of individual breastfeeding support in the care chain. Method: Qualitative web survey with 38 mothers. Data was analysed with content analysis. Results: Large variation was described regarding access to individual breastfeeding support. Many described the feeling of not being listened to and treated based on previous experiences. Planning was lacking at discharge and support in the form of an individualized breastfeeding plan was almost non-existent. Information in aftercare was described as very limited regarding accessibility. Conclusion: Changes are required in the care chain for individualized breastfeeding support. Mainly there is a lack of information during pregnancy and support in aftercare. More information and individualized support are requested. Care is not provided in accordance with the requirements for Baby-friendly hospitals initiative.

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  • Babu, Rivana
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Strömberg, Ebba
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Unga kvinnors upplevelse av sexuell objektifiering: Hur självkänsla och välbefinnande påverkas2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sexuell objektifiering har länge varit ett fenomen som kopplats till många psykologiska problem hos kvinnor. I samband med sociala mediers utveckling har det blivit alltmer utbrett. Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka unga kvinnors upplevelse av sexuell objektifiering och hur de upplever att det påverkat deras självkänsla och välbefinnande. 10 semistrukturerade intervjuer gjordes på kvinnor mellan 20–27 år som sedan tematiserades. Fem teman identifierades och namngavs till kläderna som täcker, självobjektifiering, en skiftande självkänsla, ouppnåeliga kroppsideal och sociala mediers inverkan. Resultatet visade att kvinnor upplever sexuell objektifiering som negativt, med känslor såsom obehag och nedstämdhet. Kvinnor upplevde att den sexuella objektifieringen påverkade kvinnans självkänsla och välbefinnande genom bland annat verbala handlingar samt genom blickar. Studien kan bidra till en bättre förståelse av sexuell objektifiering som kvinnor upplever och hade i framtiden kunnat utvecklas med ytterligare en studie, där man istället studerar varför män objektifierar med hjälp av intervjuer.

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  • Szylkin, Natalia
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Åsberg, Emelie
    Fysioterapeuters arbete med följsamhet till hemträning hos patienter med Artros: En kvalitativ intervjustudie kring användning av beteendeförändringstekniker2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Osteoarthritis is the most common joint disease. The physiotherapeutic treatment includes physical exercise where the patients receive individually adapted home exercise programs. However, adherence to these has proven to be low, which can be remedied with behavioral change. The physiotherapist can provide support by using behavior change techniques.

    Aim: To describe physiotherapists' work with adherence to home exercise programs using behavioral change techniques in patients diagnosed with osteoarthritis.

    Method: Qualitative descriptive design with semi-structured interviews. Seven physiotherapists were recruited through a sample of convenience. The data was analyzed based on qualitative content analysis with a deductive approach where the data was matched with already developed categories and subcategories based on Michie et al. (2013) taxonomy with behavior change techniques. 

    Results: The informants’ descriptions of the work with adherence to home training were matched with 38 behavior change techniques divided into 14 clusters: Goals and planning, Feedback and monitoring, Social support, Shaping knowledge, Natural consequences, Comparison of behavior, Associations, Repetition and substitution, Comparison of outcomes, Reward and threat, Regulation, Antecedents, Identity, Self-belief.

    Conclusion: The study showed how informants applied behavior change techniques in their work with adherence to home training. No prominent behavioral change approach could be demonstrated. A wide variety of behavioral change techniques were described. Some ways of working tended to include behavioral change techniques that interrelate and result from each other. Other ways of working contained individual techniques used to meet individual needs and training barriers.

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  • Kok, Ellen
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare. Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd.
    Eriksson, Anna
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare. Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd.
    Att vårdas av sjuksköterskestudenter: En litteraturöversikt om patienters erfarenheter2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Sjuksköterskestudenters erfarenheter av att vårda visar på vikten avverksamhetsförlagd utbildning där sjuksköterskestudenter ges möjlighet att lära sig vårdapersoncentrerat och möta patienter i deras livsvärld. Med handledares stöttning kansjuksköterskestudenter på ett patientsäkert vis omsätta den teoretiska kunskapen i praktiken.Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva patienters erfarenheter av att vårdas av sjuksköterskestudenter.Metod: Allmän litteraturöversikt där åtta kvalitativa, en kvantitativ och två artiklar medmixad metod analyserades. Resultat: I resultatet framkom fyra teman: delaktighetensbetydelse i vårdandet främjar lärande visade på patienters uppskattning av att bliinkluderade. Relationens betydelse i vårdandet visade på det viktiga med tid och dialog förden vårdande relationen. Engagemangets betydelse i vårdandet visade påsjuksköterskestudenters vilja att vårda. Kompetensens betydelse i vårdandet gav patienter enpositiv upplevelse när sjuksköterskestudenter visade på kunskap och tilliten minskade närkompetensen brast. Slutsats: Patienters erfarenheter av att vårdas avsjuksköterskestudenter visar på en uppskattning av sjuksköterskestudenters närvaro ochgenuina intresse. När sjuksköterskestudenter är väl förberedda, ger tid och bemöter patientermed respekt kan en vårdande relation skapas. Handledare är även en viktig del isjuksköterskestudenters lärande och ger patienter en känsla av trygghet. 

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  • Aronsson, Lina
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Ledenvik, Sofia
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    “TRÄNINGEN ÄR MIN MEDICIN”: En kvalitativ intervjustudie om hur personer med Parkinsons sjukdom upplever fysisk träning.2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: People with Parkin's disease are not as physically active as healthy people and thus do not achieve the recommendations for physical activity. Physiotherapy and physical training are an important part of the treatment of the disease. According to the authors' knowledge, there are no Swedish studies that investigate behavioral factors of how people with Parkinson's disease experience physical exercise in the general public, without restrictions to a specific form of exercise or program.

    Aim: To investigate how people with Parkinson's disease experience physical exercise.

    Method: A qualitative design with an inductive approach. A purposeful convenience sample was used where seven informants were included. Data collection through individual interviews with a semi-structured interview guide. The material was analyzed with a qualitative content analysis and grouped into categories and subcategories.

    Results: The data analysis resulted in 16 subcategories and five categories; "The impact of exercise on the individual's functions and abilities", "Thoughts and experiences regarding limitations and needs", "What drives the individual to exercise", "Social support in relation to exercise" and "Physical activity that is considered to be exercise".

    Conclusion: The result describes that informants experienced the training as good and important, and something that had a positive effect on physical, psychological and social factors. Furthermore, the informants described the importance of exercising in a group with others who also had Parkinson's disease.

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